How to Choose the Best High Chair or Booster Seat - Tips for Successful Eating from a Feeding Therapist
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What is good positioning, and why does it matter?
Selecting baby gear is one of the more overwhelming parts of parenthood. There are so many options available, and friends, family members, Facebook parenting groups, and Amazon reviews all pull you in different directions. How do you know what's best?
As a feeding specialist, I have a few favorite high chairs, but almost every high chair can be modified to help your baby or toddler be most successful at mealtime. You see, when we are well-positioned for any activity, we are more likely to stay and endure that activity longer. We really want our babies and toddlers to want to sit in their high chair and participate in eating, not get out right away because they're uncomfortable or unstable.
Most high chairs are created to be easy to clean or transport, but they don't actually promote great sitting dynamics. They may support a baby that doesn't have good independent sitting skills, but they don't lead to successful positioning long-term.
(For the record, before eating any food all babies - barring medical or developmental issues - should be sitting independently on the floor first, not just propped in a high chair. Read more here.)
Many of our Infant and Toddler Course clients have changed their child's high chair positioning and have noticed monumental improvement in eating - it really does matter! Watch the video below to learn more about why positioning is important, what ideal positioning actually is, and how to modify your child's chair to promote great stability and sitting dynamics.
In summary, here are some important points about positioning:
Notice in the image below how baby is seeking stability by crossing his feet! This is something babies - and adults do - so providing good support can really help improve endurance in the high chair or booster.
What other logistical and safety factors are important in selecting a high chair?
What are our favorite high chairs?
As mentioned above, most chairs can be modified for good positioning, but I wanted to share our Foodie Judy-approved chairs so you know that the chair you buy promotes good sitting dynamics. When evaluating our favorite chairs, I considered positioning (including the ability for baby to have their hips in the preferred anterior - not posterior - pelvic tilt), ease of cleaning, adjustability, and general ergonomics.
The following chairs are my absolute favorite high chairs because the foot rest can be brought up to reach most six-month-olds' feet, and the baby can easily lean forward in the (ideal) positive tilt position to reach food. These chairs are also super easy to clean, slide up to the table to avoid needing a booster, and come in multiple colors (bonus)!
The chairs listed below promote generally good sitting dynamics but may need to be modified with a foot rest until baby's legs are long enough.
A word about the IKEA high chair...
Many families love the IKEA ANTILOP high chair because it's inexpensive (around $23) and easy to clean. However, the seat on this chair is deep so baby is far away from the edge of the tray when their back is supported, and the tray is difficult to maneuver and remove. It's just too big for many babies if not modified. If you decide to use this chair we recommend adding rolled up towels around your baby (or using one of the support pillows IKEA sells) and using one of the hacks shown below to add a footrest.
Some companies have created ANTILOP accessories that help add stability and comfort to this chair. Check out Yeah Baby Goods for ANTILOP cushions, placemats and footrests.
IKEA recently released the LANGUR high chair, which is a more ideal option because it has a foot rest (although it may not reach baby's feet), a better back rest, and a more user-friendly tray.
Want to modify your IKEA chair (or other chair) to have a foot rest? Here are a few hacks from our followers!
Put a small chair behind the ANTILOP to create a foot rest:
Use an exercise band around the legs to create more stability in the feet:
If you are good with power tools, you may want to consider drilling holes in all four corners of an additional IKEA tray (sold for only $5) and sliding it up around the legs like this client did:
What about booster seats?
Booster chairs are meant to transition a toddler from a regular high chair to sitting at the right height with their family at the table. Ideally we want food no higher than your child's chest, so a booster allows a young eater to see their food when in a regular chair. Again, if you use some of the preferred chairs above, you probably don't need to purchase a booster seat.
When is your child ready for a booster chair? Many toddlers get antsy in a high chair with a tray sometime around 18-24 months, but it may happen earlier or later. We recommend keeping your child in their chair as long as they are comfortable, but eventually most kids want to sit with you at the table.
Note: your child might not have supported feet in a typical booster seat. The high chairs we recommend above can be converted to chairs you slide up to the table that still allow for a foot rest. They may be a better investment long-term because you don't need to buy a separate booster seat.
If you struggle with mealtime behavior, don't forget to check out our Toddler Course!
Watch this video where I explain positioning in a booster:
What about propped sitting chairs or floor seats like the Bumbo?
The Bumbo and other floor seats or propped sitting chairs don't teach a baby to sit and put their hips in an unfavorable posterior tilt position. We recommend avoiding these chairs or using them sparingly, and we don't recommend them for feeding.
We hope this helped you know how to best position your baby or child in their high chair or booster!
Megan and Judy, co-owners of Feeding Littles, bring you helpful info on food, nutrition, picky eating, and feeding young children. Megan McNamee MPH, RDN is a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist based in Scottsdale, Arizona. Judy Delaware, OTR/L is an Occupational Therapist specializing in feeding therapy with children 3 and under in Boulder, Colorado. Megan and Judy are both moms of two and love helping families develop a healthy appetite for all foods!